In the following I want to present the main sightseeing spots, that I have visited and explored on my wonderful Three-Days-Trip to Prague with my wonderful now-girlfriend in June 2014.
One of Europe’s best-preserved cities, Prague has a romantic riverside location enhanced by graceful bridges and a magnificent skyline punctuated with medieval church spires. Its historic Old Town follows a plan laid out 1,000 years ago, with ancient squares and winding cobblestone streets. The main sightseeing areas of Prague are separated by the Vltava River. On the left bank there is the Prague Castle area and Lesser Town. The right bank is home to the Old Town, the Jewish Quarter, and the New Town. Spanning the Vltava River and connecting the Old Town and Lesser Town is the beautiful Charles Bridge. With its extravagant, fairy-tale architecture, the magical atmosphere and good food and drink, it’s easy to see why Prague charms everyone who visits.
- Prague Castle (Pražský hrad)
The Prague Castle was founded around 880 by prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid dynasty. The first stone building in the castle area was the Church of the Virgin Mary of which only remnants can be seen today. In the 10th century, St. George’s Basilica was founded and the first Czech convent was established there - St. George’s Convent, which now houses a gallery. St. Vitus Rotunda, also from the 10th century, was replaced by St. Vitus Basilica in the 11th century, and it is where St. Vitus Cathedral (construction was finished in 1929) stands today.
The Prague Castle is the most important National Cultural Monument of the Czech Republic and also the seat of the Czech president. A number of priceless art relics, historical documents, as well as the Czech Crown Jewels are stored there.
- Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí)
The Old Town Square is one of two main squares in Prague (Wenceslas Square is the other, just 5 minutes walk away). It dates from the 12th century and started life as the central marketplace for Prague. Over the centuries buildings of Romanesque, Baroque and Gothic styles were erected around the market, each bringing with them stories of wealthy merchants and political intrigue.
With its ancient buildings and magnificent churches, this is one of the most beautiful historical sights in Europe. The most notable sights on the square are the Old Town Hall Tower & Astronomical Clock, Tyn Church and St. Nicholas Church.
- Petrín Hill & Observation Tower
Built as a mini version of Paris’s Eiffel Tower, the Petrín Observation Tower was built in 1891 for the Jubilee Exhibition.
The tower is 60m tall, which doesn’t seem particularly high until you add in the fact that it sits at the summit of Petrín Hill, which is 318m (1043 feet) high.
Climb the 299 steps to reach the top of the tower and the view over Prague is magnificent. On a clear day it is possible to see the highest peak in the Czech Republic, Snezka, which is 150km away.